Monome / Open Source Tools for Music Makers

Monome creates music tools that are accessible and versatile, enabling new ways to work, play, and connect.

What is Monome?

The Monome​, a minimalist tool​​ and ​musical device,​​ is ​simply a reconfigurable grid of backlit keypads. However, when paired with any number of computer applications, it can expand the limits of traditional music making.

Since the Monome was first introduced 10 years ago, a strong ​community has developed around it, amplifying the instrument’s capabilities through an active forum and open-source collaborations. ​Compelling to both the hobbyist and the expert, it has also been adopted by Grammy Award-winning artists ​including MGMT, Imogen Heap​,​ and Nine Inch Nails. The Monome ​is ​a versatile piece of hardware, ​and is ​increasingly used in a wide variety of environments including ​video, lighting, ​and ​art installations, and even scientific research.

Monome grid

As a company, Monome​’s mission is to create tools that help musicians expand beyond the boundaries of kit instruments​. ​Based in upstate New York​, the small-scale operation works with local suppliers and manufacturers with whom ​Monome has created long-term, trusting relationships. ​The embodiment of beautiful design and quality craftsmanship​, all p​roducts are produced in short runs and according to demand.

The Story of Monome / Meet Brian Crabtree + Kelli Cain

Monome Brian and Kelli

Brian : Just prior to my teenage years, my slightly older uncle showed me a video of himself and friends taking turns trying to sever aluminum cans with a homemade ninja sword. In the background a boombox blasted Depeche Mode and Nine Inch Nails. And suddenly I was initiated. I sought weird electronic sounds.

I grew up with musical instruments and computers. Synthesizers and drum machines were magical objects, yet I found myself repeatedly trying to do different things the instrument designer didn’t consider. Given my interest in an art form closely determined by its tools, I gradually became a toolmaker.

Computers are an ultimately flexible tool for digital music. They can change shape and function immediately. Yet programming computers isn’t always the most musical process, and the keyboard-mouse combination had proven an unmusical gesture. The solution was a disarmingly simple hardware interface: an open-ended, redefinable grid of backlit keypads.

Monome prototype
A Monome prototype from 2002

Eventually I had something working, cobbled together with surplus electronics and sticks and hot glue. It immediately exploded my musical language– now I could prod some sound algorithm (the computer’s brain?) with all ten fingers and great speed. Improvisation became natural, the computer became a playable instrument. I played shows all over LA, internet video was starting to exist, a musician friend took the prototype on a world tour, and suddenly my inbox was full of requests from people wanting their own do-nothing-everything-box.

Kelli Cain and I had been making electromechanical art installations and were getting more proficient in the fabrication lab. We started researching manufacturability for the grid, deciding it should be open source and domestically produced. Within six months we were shipping the first Monome grids worldwide. That was nearly a decade ago.

We’ve refined the design slightly over the years, improving usability and optimizing our hand-building process. But the design has stayed true to the original goal– to empower the user to define their tools, performance, and instrument. We’ve fostered a strong global community where applications can be shared and modified, together exploring this peculiar object.

Monome grid

Behind the Scenes / Making the Monome

We work out of our converted barn workshop. Components that go into each come from various manufacturers in the northeast with whom we’ve established strong relationships: keypads and electronics from Pennsylvania, milled aluminum enclosures from Maryland. Staying small and working with local manufacturers allows us to develop and produce new designs incredibly quickly.

Monome barn
The barn Monome is based out of in upstate NY
Monome studio
Inside the Monome barn
Monome assembly
The Monome 128 prior to assembly
Monome workstation
Soldering diodes and LEDs onto the Monome’s PCB board
Monome keypads
Keypads that are placed over the diodes and LEDs for easy on/off actions
Monome aluminum
The aluminum faceplate that sits on top of the Monome is manufactured a few states away from their HQ in Maryland
Monome workdesk
A workdesk at Monome HQ piled with electronics, assembly bits and schematics

Given the fundamental flexibility and simplicity of the interface, the grid is an exceptional starting place for tool making. Perhaps you want to make a drum machine with a particular quirk. Or play chords according to some formula. We’ve created a series of programming tutorials in various languages to help people make that first step towards tool independence.

Despite being around for a decade, we’re continually surprised and impressed by the music created with these grids, and the new uses people imagine. It’s exactly what we hoped for– an object with the capacity to be reimagined perpetually.

Meet the Makers


Monome collection
A collection of the various Monome devices that have been manufactured and sold by the Monome team over the years

Story by Michael Ariel, curator behind Those Who Make and maker behind Proudly Say. All photos courtesy of Monome.